Archive for the ‘Evolution’ Category
October 7, 2010: Dr. Sam Davis / Council Of Conservative Citizens – October 6, 2010
The “Out of Africa” myth is a theory put forth not by actual scientists but by left-wing liberal arts professors. The theory is not based on any scientific evidence, but on social and political dogma. Often, the science departments at liberal Universities are bullied into accepting such hogwash by leftist University heads.
Already the human genome project as well as the Neanderthal genome project have shattered the political motivated “Out of Africa” myth. The projects have discovered incredible differences between the genetic makeup of modern man along racial lines. Modern homo sapien races did not evolve from a single ancestor. In the case of Caucasians, genes originating with the Neanderthals are present. Neanderthal genes are also found, but to a lesser extent in Asians, but are completely absent in the Negro race. This is quite significant as experts widely recognize the Neanderthal as the most advanced pre-homo sapiens.
An archaeological find in China shows strong evidence of parallel human evolution with multiple, different ancestors. An anatomically modern human jawbone was found deep in the earth and comes from a time period in which such humans were only supposed to have existed in Africa.
CCTV 9: Not All Modern Humans Originate From Africa
The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: This puts a kink in eugenicist Darwin’s “theory” of evolution… – SJH
Link to original article below…
August 26, 2010: Daily Mail Reporter / Mail Online – August 25, 2010
The remains of a prehistoric child that were found in an underwater cave in Mexico four years ago have now been removed by a team of divers.
The skeletal remains of the boy, dubbed the Young Hol Chan, are more than 10,000 years old and are among the oldest human bones found in the Americas. Scientists hope that the well-preserved corpse will offer clues to ancient human migration.
The corpse was discovered in 2006 by a pair of German cave divers who were exploring unique flooded sandstone sinkholes, known as cenotes, common to the eastern Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
He appears to have been a young boy and was found with his legs bent to his left side and his arms extended to either side of his body. No other ancient skeleton has ever been found in this position.
Scientists spent three years studying the remains where they lay before deciding it was safe to bring the skeleton to the surface for further study.
Anthropologists from the National Automonous University of Mexico think that the body was placed in the cave in a funeral ceremony performed late in the Pleistocene epoch when the sea level was around 488 feet lower than it is today.
Experts recovered 60 percent of the skeleton, including bones from both arms and legs, vertebrae, ribs, the skull and several teeth – all fantastically preserved.
Divers have also found the partial skeletons of three other people, known as the Woman of Naharon, the Woman of Las Palmas and the Temple Man, all of which were discovered inside other flooded caves.
Scientists believe that the latest discovery ‘strengthens the hypothesis that the American continent was populated starting with several migrations coming from Asia.’
In an announcement the university said that the burial sites ‘reveal migrations coming from southeastern Asia before those known up to now as Clovis groups, which are said to have crossed from northern Asia, also via the Bering Strait, at the end of the Ice Age.’
Some scientists believe that the Clovis people crossed into America from Asia around 14,000 years ago and gradually made their way down, over many generations, to settle in northern Mexico.
Others believe that the first people in America actually crossed from the Pacific on boats, possibly even earlier than the Clovis.
The finds at the caves in Quintana Roo appear to predate earlier Clovis finds from similar areas in Mexico…
The institute is co-ordinating a study of early human migration to eastern Mexico that aims to deepen the understanding of the movement of people across the Bering Strait at the end of the last Ice Age.
The Young Hol Chan, named after the cenote where he was discovered, was found in a darkened cave 27 feet beneath the surface.
The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: For all of you so-called Christians who still believe the earth was created 6,000 years ago, not only does this and many other much older discoveries around the world completely disprove your theory, but shows that you are not reading the Bible with the Holy Spirit. Adam was not the first man created (Genesis 1:27), he was the first man “formed” who became a “living soul” (Genesis 2:7) a little over 6,000 years ago. God created man, the Lord God (spirit of the Lord Jesus Christ before He was manifest in the flesh) formed Adam much later. Follow the genealogy in Genesis 5, then do the math using the Great Flood as a time reference. Both evolution and Creationism occurred, but at different times in earth’s history that overlap in the narrative that has been distorted throughout time by nefarious factions. And yes, folks, I am a Christian, and an ordained pastor who seeks the truth… – SJH
Link to original article below…
Ewen Callaway / New Scientist – July 18, 2009
For much of their 400,000 year history, Neanderthals were few and far between, a new analysis of genetic material from several of the extinct, ancient humans now suggests.
It’s difficult to put a number on the population of a species based on DNA alone, but less than a few hundred thousand of the archaic humans roamed Europe and Asia at any one time, says Adrian Briggs, an evolutionary geneticist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig. “There never were million and millions of Neanderthals,” he told New Scientist.
That conclusion isn’t exactly Earth-shattering. Archaeological digs suggest that Neanderthals hardly lived in megacities, and the mitochondrial genome sequence from one individual found in Croatia also hints at low population sizes. But the new findings represent the most detailed look at Neanderthal genetic diversity yet published.
What is most obvious is how little genetic heterogeneity they possessed. The mitochondrial genomes of six Neanderthals recovered in Spain, Croatia, Germany and Russia differ at only 55 locations out of more than 16,000 letters. This represents three times less mitochondrial diversity than modern humans possess.
Because of this low diversity, Briggs’ team infers that Neanderthal populations must have been relatively small. “Populations with much larger sizes carry more genetic diversity, you have more individuals and more mutations,” he says.
The researchers analysed bone samples that, by and large, came during the twilight of the Neanderthal’s reign around 40,000 years ago. Neanderthals probably went extinct somewhere between 24,000 and 28,000 years ago.
It’s possible that Briggs’ team has taken a genetic snapshot of a species on the verge of extinction, however other genetic clues indicate that Neanderthal populations stayed low for much of their history, he says.
Highs and Lows
Neanderthal mitochondria were far more likely than humans or chimpanzees to contain potentially harmful mutations in mitochondrial genes that changed the shape of proteins, Brigg’s team found. Since these mutations incur an evolutionary cost, they will eventually be weeded out. But this process occurs very slowly in small populations, Briggs says. Hence, Neanderthals numbers probably stayed low for a long time.
Chris Stringer, a palaeontologist at the Natural History Museum in London, agrees that Neanderthal populations were probably small. “They must have been on the edge of extinction by this time to have so few people scattered in Europe,” he says.
However during warm spells, their numbers and range probably swelled, only to contract in leaner times, Stringer says. “I think the numbers would have fluctuated. They would have had good times and bad times, and this data reflect that in the last 100,000 years they were having bad times.”
It’s tempting to think that the arrival of modern humans to Europe about 45,000 years ago pushed Neanderthal numbers even lower by competing for increasingly scarce resources. But the invading Homo sapiens would have been relatively rare too, Stringer says. “You’ve got to consider the possibility that they might not have met each other that often.”
The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: Besides the fact that I love history, the reason I posted this goes much deeper than just that. Albeit I’m a Christian, I agree with certain principles of evolution in nature. However, I don’t believe as many Christians do that the earth is only 6,000 years old. There is far too much archaelogical evidence to prove otherwise.
With that said, Adam was not the first man “created” (Genesis 1:27), he was the first man “formed” with a “living soul” (Genesis 2:7)… – Tonka
Link to original article below…