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Archive for September 8th, 2010

1961 Movie: “Judgment At Nuremberg” – A Classic ‘Must See’ Film

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September 8, 2010: Signs Of The Times Editor’s / SOTT.net – September 6, 2010

Judgment at Nuremberg is a MUST SEE movie if you seek to understand what happened in Nazi Germany and what is happening now in the U.S. and elsewhere. 

Made in 1961, Judgment at Nuremberg is a thinly fictionalized film account of the post-World War II Nuremberg Trials.

It was written by Abby Mann and directed by Stanley Kramer.

Starring Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Marlene Dietrich, Maximilian Schell, Judy Garland, Werner Klemperer, William Shatner and Montgomery Clift, the full movie is available at Google Video.

The film depicts the trial of certain judges who served during the Nazi regime in Germany and the parallels with today’s Right Wing dominated Supreme Court are chilling.

The film was inspired by the Judges’ Trial before the Nuremberg Military Tribunal in 1947, where four of the defendants were sentenced to life in prison.

One of the threads in the plot involves a “race defilement” trial known as the “Feldenstein case”. In this – again thinly fictionalized – case, based on the real life Katzenberger Trial, an elderly Jewish man was tried for an improper relationship with an “Aryan” woman, and put to death in 1942.

The film examines the questions of individual complicity in crimes committed by the state. For example, defense attorney Hans Rolfe (Maximilian Schell) raises such issues as the support of the U.S. Supreme Court justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. for the practice of eugenics and Winston Churchill’s words of praise for Adolf Hitler. In the end, Janning makes a statement condemning himself and his fellow defendants for “going along” with the Third Reich and all four are found guilty and sentenced to life in prison.

The film is notable for showing actual historical footage filmed by American soldiers after the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps. Shown in court by prosecuting attorney Colonel Tad Lawson (Richard Widmark), the footage of huge piles of naked corpses laid out in rows and bulldozed into large pits was exceptionally gruesome for a mainstream film of its day…

 

The next clip is Spencer Tracy as the American Judge Haywood, delivering the powerful and moving verdict where he rejects the call to let the Nazi judges off lightly to gain Germany’s support in the Cold War against the Soviet Union… 

 Full movie is available at Google Video 

The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: I haven’t seen this film in decades and am currently watching it again. It’s a 3 hour movie, but as I remember and am now being reminded… Brilliant!   – SJH

Link to original article below…

http://www.sott.net/articles/show/214767-Movie-Judgment-at-Nuremberg-MUST-SEE

White House Warns A Florida Church Not To Burn Koran’s On 9/11

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September 8, 2010: David Usborne / The Independent – September 8, 2010

Stunt to mark 9/11 anniversary would risk US troops in Afghanistan, says Petraeus.

The already simmering cauldron of clashing emotions between Christians and Muslims risked bubbling over yesterday as the White House intervened to try to stop a small Florida church from burning copies of the Koran. Robert Gibbs, the White House spokesman, said that the anti-Islamic protest – threatened by an evangelical church with just 50 members – could endanger the lives of American soldiers.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton added her disapproval at a dinner in observance of Iftar, the breaking of the daily fast during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. “I am heartened by the clear, unequivocal condemnation of this disrespectful, disgraceful act that has come from American religious leaders of all faiths,” Mrs Clinton said.

The top US commander in Afghanistan, General David Petraeus, also said the images of a burning Koran would be used by extremists to inflame public opinion and incite violence. His remarks were echoed by a statement by the US embassy in Kabul condemning the church’s plans. Iran issued its own stern warning against the bonfire, which is planned for this Saturday, the ninth anniversary of the 9/11 terror attacks.

The planned torching of the scriptures by the Florida church – the so-called Dove World Outreach Center – has already re-awakened memories of the publication by a Danish newspaper in 2005 of a satirical cartoon lampooning the Prophet Mohamed which triggered protests outside western embassies around the world. In the same year, rioting was sparked around the world by a Newsweek article detailing how US interrogators were taking copies of the Koran into bathrooms inside Guantanamo Bay and threatening to flush them down toilets in an effort to make detainees talk. The magazine retracted the report but only after 15 people died in the violence.

There were expressions of disdain and concern that the torching of the copies of the Koran will fan fresh hatred from both civilian and military leaders. The Muslim community in the US is already under unusual stress because of the political firestorm unleashed after efforts by a Manhattan imam and a developer to open a mosque and Islamic community centre close to Ground Zero. Fresh protests for and against the mosque are set for this Saturday at the site of the proposed centre. This prompted one group of relatives of 9/11 victims last night to call for a truce over the weekend.

The Nato Secretary-General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, also condemned the proposed Koran-burning, calling it disrespectful. The State Department went a step further, calling it “un-American” and suggesting it could additionally put diplomats and American civilians travelling overseas at risk. “We would like to see more Americans stand up and say that this is inconsistent with our American values; in fact, these actions themselves are un-American.”

So far, the leader of the church in Gainesville, Florida, has made no indication of a willingness to cancel the burning, but said he was taking the words of Mr Petraeus into account. “We have firmly made up our mind, but at the same time, we are definitely praying about it,” said Terry Jones, who has a website that offers “Ten reasons to burn a Koran” and also promotes a book he has written called Islam is of the Devil. Last year the church made headlines by offering T-shirts for sale bearing the book’s name.

Mr Jones told CNN: “We are weighing the thing that we’re about to do. What it possibly could cause. What are we trying to get across.” General Petraeus said that the proposed burning could damage relations between the West and the Islamic world in much the same way that the publication of photographs of the abuse of Muslim inmates at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq did four years ago.

That the church’s action could also create new diplomatic problems for Washington became clear as Iran made its own contribution to the controversy. “We advise Western countries to prevent the exploitation of freedom of expression to insult religious sanctities, otherwise the emotions of Muslim nations cannot be controlled,” a foreign ministry spokesman in Tehran, Ramin Mehmanparast, told reporters.

Meanwhile protests against the Florida church have already began to break out, notably with a march by hundreds of demonstrators in Kabul on Monday. On Sunday, thousands gathered outside the US embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, to show their anger at the proposed burning.

The Preacher: A Small Church In The Heart Of Small Town USA

The global reverberations from the Dove World Outreach Center’s anti-Islam campaign belie its insignificance, even in the small Florida town of Gainesville where the centre attracts barely 50 congregants. Founded in 1986, the church is now run by a former hotel manager, Terry Jones, a lanky preacher with a bushy white moustache who is treated as a fringe figure even in Gainesville (population 125,000).

Under his guidance, Dove is trying to change the evangelical church’s role “from a local church to an apostolic church with a world vision”. There are an estimated 115,000 white evangelical churches in the United States that wield significant political clout. The movement’s umbrella group, the National Association of Evangelicals, has also urged the group to give up its protest.

The church’s website claims that it seeks to “expose Islam” as a “violent and oppressive religion” and to raise awareness “that the Koran is leading people to hell”. Mr Jones, however, told the New York Times that he had no experience of what the Koran said. He said that he had received more than 100 death threats and has now started wearing a pistol.

The church runs similarly virulent campaigns such as “abortion is murder; homosexuality is sin”, and also ran a “no homo for mayor” campaign. Its “International Burn a Koran Day” Facebook page has attracted more than 8,400 online followers. An opposing group has almost twice as many followers. Local opposition has been swift: two dozen churches, Jewish temples and Muslim organisations in Gainesville have planned inclusive events to counter Mr Jones’s protest.

The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: I haven’t covered this story until now because I wanted to observe how it unfolded. This is how I see it at this point: Pastor Terry Jones is beginning to look and sound more and more like an agents provocateur for the Christian Zionist movement to foment more hate and distrust (divide and conquer) between Muslims and Christians, create an excuse to elevate attacks abroad in order to escalate US military involvment, and as cover for the Jewish Zionist involvement in the 9/11 false flag by announcing the burning of Koran’s on that very day. And how does the obscure so-called ‘pastor’ of an unknown church with 50 members gain worldwide attention unless the corporate mainstream media intended it to be so?! – SJH

Link to original article with additional videos below…

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/white-house-warns-florida-church-not-to-burn-koran-2073137.html

Empires, Energy & Al Qaeda: The Anglo-American Terror Network

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September 8, 2010: Andrew Gavin Marshall / Global Research – September 8, 2008

This is Part 2 of the series, The Imperial Anatomy of Al-Qaeda…

The End of the Cold War and Strategy for the New World Order

With the end of the Cold War a new strategy had to be determined to manage the global system. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, declarations of a “New World Order” sprang forward, focusing on the United States as the single world superpower.

This presented a great many challenges as well as opportunities for the worlds most powerful hegemon. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, a number of new Central Asian and Eastern European nations were formed and became independent, and with that, their immense deposits of natural gas and energy became available for exploitation. Afghanistan itself was considered “a major strategic pivot,” as it was “the primary gateway to Central Asia and the immense energy deposits therein.”[1] Western oil companies such as ExxonMobil, Texaco, Unocal, BP Amoco, Shell, and Enron begin pouring billions of dollars into the countries of Central Asia in the early 1990s.[2]

In 1992, a Pentagon document titled “Defense Planning Guidance” was leaked to the press, in which it described a strategy for the United States in the “new world order,” and it was drafted by George H.W. Bush’s Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney. It stated that, “America’s political and military mission in the post-cold-war era will be to ensure that no rival superpower is allowed to emerge in Western Europe, Asia or the territories of the former Soviet Union,” and that, “The classified document makes the case for a world dominated by one superpower whose position can be perpetuated by constructive behavior and sufficient military might to deter any nation or group of nations from challenging American primacy.”[3]

Further, “the new draft sketches a world in which there is one dominant military power whose leaders ‘must maintain the mechanisms for deterring potential competitors from even aspiring to a larger regional or global role’.” Among the necessary challenges to American supremacy, the document “postulated regional wars against Iraq and North Korea,” and identified China and Russia as its major threats. It further “suggests that the United States could also consider extending to Eastern and Central European nations security commitments similar to those extended to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other Arab states along the Persian Gulf.”[4]

Similarly, in 1992, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, one of the most influential think tanks in the United States, had established a commission to determine a new foreign policy for the United States in the wake of the Cold War. Participants included Madeleine Albright, Henry Cisneros, John Deutch, Richard Holbrooke, Alice Rivlin, David Gergen and Admiral William Crowe. In the summer of 1992, the final report, “Changing Our Ways: America and the New World,” was published. The report urged “a new principle of international relations: the destruction or displacement of groups of people within states can justify international intervention.” It suggested that the US “realign NATO and OSCE [Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe] to deal with new security problems in Europe,” and “urged military intervention under humanitarian guises.” This report subsequently “planted the policy seedlings for the Kosovo war” as it “provided both the rationale for U.S. interventionism and a policy recommendation about the best means–NATO–for waging that war.”[5]

Another Carnegie publication in the same year, “Self-Determination in the New World Order,” furthered imperialist goals for America, as it “set criteria for officials to use in deciding when to support separatist ethnic groups seeking independence, and advocated military force for that purpose.” It recommended that “international military coalitions, preferably U.N.-led, could send an armed force not as peacekeepers but peacemakers–to prevent conflict from breaking out and stay in place indefinitely.” It further stated that, “the use of military force to create a new state would require conduct by the parent government so egregious that it has forfeited any right to govern the minority claiming self-determination.”[6]

The United States and its NATO allies soon undertook a new strategy, seeking to maintain dominance over the world, expand their hegemony over regions previously under the influence of the Soviet Union (such as in Eastern Europe and Central Asia), and prevent the rise of a resurgent Russia or China. One of the key facets of this strategy was the notion of “humanitarian intervention.”

Yugoslavia Dismantled by Design

In the 1990s, the United States and its NATO allies, in particular Germany and the UK, undertook a strategy of destabilization in Yugoslavia, seeking to dismantle and ultimately fracture the country. To do this, the imperial strategy of divide and conquer was employed, manipulating various ethnic tensions and arming and training various militias and terrorist organizations. Throughout this strategy, the “database”, or Al-Qaeda was used to promote the agenda of the destabilization and dismantling of Yugoslavia.

In 1989, Yugoslavia had to seek financial aid from the World Bank and IMF, which implemented a Structural Adjustment Program (SAP), which resulted in the dismantling of the public state, exacerbating social issues and fueling secessionist tendencies, leading to Croatia and Slovenia seceding from the republic in 1991.[7] In 1990, the US intelligence community had released a report predicting that Yugoslavia would break apart and erupt in civil war, and it blamed Milosevic for the impending disaster.[8]

As far back as 1988, the leader of Croatia met with the German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to create “a joint policy to break up Yugoslavia,” and bring Slovenia and Croatia into the “German economic zone.” So, US Army officers were dispatched to Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, and Macedonia as “advisers” and brought in US Special Forces to help.[9]

Fighting broke out between Yugoslavia and Croatia when the latter declared independence in 1991. The fighting subsequently lasted until 1995, and merged in part with the Bosnian war. The US supported the operation and the CIA actively provided intelligence to Croat forces, leading to the displacement of between 150,000 and 200,000 Serbs, largely through means of murder, plundering, burning villages and ethnic cleansing.[10] The Croatian Army was trained by U.S. advisers and a general later put on trial at the Hague for war crimes was personally supported by the CIA.[11] So we see the double standard of ethnic cleansing and genocide: when the US does it or supports it, it’s “humanitarian intervention,” politically justified, or it is simply unacknowledged; when an enemy state does it, (or is accused of doing it), the “international community” demands action and any means is deemed necessary to “prevent genocide”, including committing genocide… [read more below]

Part 1: The CIA’s Drug-Running Terrorists and the “Arc of Crisis”

The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: Read the rest of Part 2 in this excellent series at the link below– SJH

Link to entire article below…

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=20944